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Gsci 163 Physical Science: matter of Matter (1credit,1st block)

 

Dr. Giovanetti

Office: 2178 Phys Chem

Cell: 540-383-8368

 

 

The pages on this web site are continually being updated.  The authors have chosen to post material quickly in what should be considered an intermediate stage. Therefore many typos, misspellings and grammatical errors have not been discovered and corrected.

 

 

__Online Concept Quiz and homework

 

1st BLOCK HANDOUT (courtesy of Dr. C. Hughes, JMU Physics)

Additional reference: Physical Science by Bill W. Tillery, Standard physical science text book.

 

 

Syllabus

 

________________Overview ______________________

This course is designed to be an integral part of the preparation for future teachers. The competency level expected is appropriate for teachers at all grade levels.  Science and mathematics understanding has been identified as a critical component for all grade levels and this course has been designed in conjunction with other courses to directly address what teachers need to know in order to create a very positive learning environment in the K-12 classroom.

The focus of the course will be on understanding. The main premise is:

In order to teach well one must understand.

Understanding is the based on the relationship between facts and the models, examples, pictures and ideas that support this relationship.

 

A second premise is:

Real understanding is enhanced by trying to explain scientific ideas.

A third premise is:

Future teachers are a group with some general characteristics

  • Enthusiasm, talent  and love of teaching
  • Low comfort level with science.

 

Many of the images used in the following material were uploaded from wikipedia and a few other web image sources. These should all be public domain images but it should be acknowledged that other authors and artists developed the images.

 

Lecture 1: introduction, units, math, properties of matter (Tuesday)

 

Lecture 2

 

Lecture 3

Lecture 4

Lecture 5

  • lecture 5 ppt
  • activity (sample of the material from http://www.explorelearning.com a learning software company)

Lecture 6

Lecture 7

  • Lecture 7 reactions, oxidation, redox (reduction, oxidation)

Lecture 8

Lecture 9

Lecture 10

Lecture 11 (assessment day no class

Lecture 12

Lecture 13

 

Lecture 14

 

 

 

 

List of Topics

Units, volume, pressure, electric force, phases of matter, basic mathematics (equations, simple algebra, logarithms)

Structure of an atom (P,N,e), size, spacing, amounts Moles

Shell Model, electron configurations

Periodic Table: Basis for its structure => electron configuration

Periodic Table: Properites of the elements

Electronegativity, ionization energy, metal/non-metal, hydrogen, noble gases, halogens, atomic mass, molecular weight, physical properites (conductivity, hardness)

Chemical bonding and molecules

Lewis dot structures (need to be able to show for molecules)

Ionic bonds

Covalent bonds  (pure and polar)

Metallic Bonds

Chemical equations: balancing, amounts (moles and weights)

Oxidation number: Assign an oxidation number to elements in a molecule.

Recognize different types of reactions: replacement, redox, decomposition, synthesis. Need to be able to write and explain redox reactions and give one example of a reaction that is not a redox.

Solutions

Molarity, Calculating percents (mass), solubility, various binding (inter and intra molecular), miscible and immiscible, polar and nonpolar

Acids & Bases

Organic Chemistry ==> Carbon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

 

 

 

11-Jan

12-Jan

13-Jan

14-Jan

15-Jan

 

 

1

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

1

 

 

 

States of Matter

 

Periodic Table

 

 

 

 

Week 1

 

 

 

18-Jan

19-Jan

20-Jan

21-Jan

22-Jan

 

 

2

Holiday

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

 

 

 

 

Atomic States

 

Shells

 

 

 

 

 

Hmwk 1 due

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 2

 

 

 

25-Jan

26-Jan

27-Jan

28-Jan

29-Jan

 

 

3

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

3

 

 

 

Chem Formulas

 

Reactions

 

 

 

 

 

Quiz  due

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 3

 

 

 

1-Feb

2-Feb

3-Feb

4-Feb

5-Feb

 

 

4

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

4

 

 

 

Chemical Eq.

 

Solutions

 

 

 

 

 

Hmwk 2 due

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 4

 

 

 

8-Feb

9-Feb

10-Feb

11-Feb

12-Feb

 

 

5

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

5

 

 

 

Water

 

Acid Base

 

 

 

 

Week 5

 

 

 

15-Feb

16-Feb

17-Feb

18-Feb

19-Feb

 

 

6

 

Assessment

 

9:30-11:25

 

6

 

 

 

 

 

Acid Base

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hmwk 3 due

 

 

 

 

Week 6

 

 

 

22-Feb

23-Feb

24-Feb

25-Feb

26-Feb

 

 

 

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

7

 

7

 

Acid Base

 

Carbon

 

 

 

 

Week 7

 

 

 

1-Mar

2-Mar

3-Mar

4-Mar

5-Mar

 

 

 

 

9:30-11:25

 

9:30-11:25

 

8

 

 

 

Review

 

FINAL EXAM

 

 

 

 

 

Quiz 2 (study test) due

 

 

 

 

 

 

Week 8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Here are some notes based on topic discussed in GSCI 163.

 

  • Roller coasters and PE minimums: A roller coast is a nice model for explaining systems like nuclei that find “ground states” or low potential energy states. As a roller coaster drops into a valley it lowers its potential energy. If it losses energy on the way down to friction the roller coaster can become trapped in the valley. If it has sufficient energy it can rise up and go over the second hill.